Wednesday, December 10, 2014

Caroline Tung Richmond Rewrites History

Caroline Tung Richmond is a freelance writer whose work has appeared in the Baltimore SunHighlights for Children, and, among other publications. The Only Thing to Fear is her debut novel and is out now from Scholastic Press. A self-proclaimed history nerd, Caroline lives in the Washington, DC area with her husband; their daughter; and the family dog Otto von Bismarck, named for the German chancellor (naturally). 
Tell us a little about your book.

Here's my little elevator pitch! The Only Thing to Fear is an YA alternate history novel, set in a world where Hitler won WWII and colonized the US. The protagonist Zara is a sixteen-year-old Virginian farm girl who joins a rebel group that's set on overthrowing the Nazis---and assassinating the Fuhrer himself. 

How did you get the idea for writing it?
Actually, my husband gave me the idea for this book in a very roundabout way! Back in 2010, I asked him for book recommendations and he told me to read The Aquariums of Pyongyang, a memoir by a North Korean refugee. I blazed through the book, and I couldn't stop thinking about: what would it be like to live in such a regime? How would someone try to fight back against it? I started imagining a girl who lived in a very oppressed society, and I let my imagination go from there. And that's how I got the first kernel for the idea that become The Only Thing to Fear!

Writing an alternate history sounds like a very powerful allegorical tool. What advice would you give to other writers wanting to give it a try?
I still consider myself very much an amateur when it comes to writing alternate history, but for those of you who might want to write in this genre… I say, go for it! It may seem like a daunting genre due to all of the research involved, but I promise that the research often turns out to be quite fun and super interesting. But it can be overwhelming so I would say to take your time and to let things soak in! With every book or article you read for research, jot down notes that you find fascinating because they may come in handy for your world-building. And don't feel like you have to flesh out EVERYTHING in your world before you start your book. You can fill in a lot of the historical details as you write or whenever you start revising. Like I said, just go for it! 

What amount of research did you have to do to write your book? How did you go about it?
Gosh, quite a bit! I made sure to brush up on my overall WWII history knowledge before I sought out particular research topics that would help me flesh out my world building---particularly what life was like in Nazi Germany and what life was like in the countries they occupied, like France, Poland, and the Netherlands. My new WIP is set during WWII so I have quite a lot of WWII-related titles on my Kindle now! 

Examining a Nazi-led world seems like no small task. What advice would you give to writers who want to tackle a big, even larger-than-life project?
My advice? Just do it! I think it's a good thing to be a little scared about a potential writing project---it is this fear that helps us stretch and grow and develop as writers. And try to take things slowly. I think we often shy away from larger-than-life projects because we don't even know where to start. So tackle things one at a time! Dip your toes in the research waters. Read other books in the genre and note what works and what doesn't. And when you're ready to start writing, focus on getting a little bit done at a time. A paragraph here, a chapter there. It might take months or even years, but you'll eventually finish a draft for that daunting novel you weren't sure you could write. 

How do you balance world-building versus honing in on particular characters’ lives?
Oh, this can be tough! I've found it really hard to strike that nice balance between fleshing out a world yet moving the plot and the character arc forward at the same time. It can be quite tempting to use the dreaded info dump! And so, I try to focus on the plot and character arc first while folding in world-building whenever necessary. 

Also, find good beta readers! My beta readers are fantastic about letting me know when I've info-dumped too much or when I need to beef up the details. Oftentimes as authors we're blind to the balance of world-building because we're already living inside of this world that we created. We just get it. So it might take someone else to point out what's working and what's not. 

Any parting words?
Never give up, never surrender! It took me LONG time before I got my book deal for The Only Thing to Fear. Although I wrote the draft quickly, it took me over 18 months to revise the book, including switching the entire POV from first present to third past. There were many times when I wanted to give up---on this project and sometimes on writing altogether---but I wanted so badly to tell this story and I feel humbled and grateful that it is now out there in the world. And so, if you're struggling right now, hang in there! Eat some chocolate, drink some wine, take a little break, and get right back in there in the ring. :) 


  1. Great advice for me to keep in mind while working on my steampunk novel, because steampunk is always alternate histories. :) I love the Galaxy Quest exhortation too!

  2. Congratulations on your book! I must be living in a picture book world because I've never heard of alternate history books. You captivated me with your second question on N.Korea, as I, too, am interested in N.Korean refugee stuff. Thanks for the interview, Ella and Caroline!


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